Japan for first timers – 25 useful tips

Japan, a wonderful country that may seem enticing and intimidating at the same time. It took us a while to get there, but after just a few hours in Tokyo, we knew we would be back. And we ended up going there 4 times within 1.5 years.

I wish I’d known some things before our first visit. It would have made travelling easier and even more enjoyable but it doesn’t mean discovering them ourselves wasn’t fun.

If you’re planning to visit Japan for the first time, here are our 25 useful tips & things to know.

1. Convenience stores are really convenient

FamilyMart, 7-Eleven, Circle K, Lawson and Daily Yamazaki stores (the konbini) are everywhere and offer lots of useful products and services. Hot meals, sushi, alcohol, ice cream, bathroom essentials, ATMs, coffee – you can get there almost anything you may need on a trip. Most have also a small area with a kettle, microwave and bar-style seating space. Payment by credit card, cash or IC (Suica or similar) card.

2. Look up

Restaurants, shops and cafes may not be on the street level – buildings in Japan are often very narrow but tall. Look up to see what’s on higher floors or find a building directory near the main entrance.

3. Go to the basement

Big department stores and shopping malls usually hide a real foodie paradise in the basement. Bento boxes, sweet treats, sushi, teas, fruits, hams and cheeses plus sometimes a few restaurants. Last hour before closing they mark down bento boxes and you can get a good dinner for 50% or less.

4. Trains are ALWAYS on time

No matter if you need to catch a local train or a shinkansen, you need to remember they will be on time. When we were using our JR Pass for the first time, I had to remind myself that when the ticket says “15:24” it will be exactly that time. Not (how I’m used to in Australia or Poland) “sometime around 15.24”. It’s good to remember this when you have the last train to catch or need to be at the airport at a certain time.

5. Toilets are amazing

They clean themselves, clean your butt and private parts, have warmed seats and flushing sound to cover your sounds. Widely available, not just at home or fancy hotel – even public toilets in the most shabby-looking place. They are possibly the best thing ever. One day I’ll bring one with me as a souvenir.

6. No bins in sight

If you like to eat and drink on the go or have a takeaway coffee be ready to carry your trash. There are no bins on the streets. It’s a good idea to keep a plastic bag in your backpack to use as a trash bag and dispose of it at your hotel. Bigger convenience stores have bins outside, next to the entrance.

7. Cash?

Always carry some cash, especially if you’re outside of big cities, where card payments may not be widely accepted. But even in Tokyo, you may have to pay for dinner with cash. We usually carry‎ ‎¥ 5000 – 10 000 to be safe.

see how much it costs to travel in Japan

8. Lines, arrows and numbers

I like when things are in order so I love Japan for having clearly marked places where you’re supposed to line for a train or bus and arrows on stairs so you know which side is for walking up or down. Stickers with carriage numbers on platforms are very helpful too. It all makes commuting less frustrating.

9. Vending machine is the king

There aren’t many things that couldn’t be purchased in a vending machine. From simple water and tea, through coffee and beer to ramen or mystery electronics (put‎‎ ¥1000 in and you will get a t-shirt, radio, mp3 player or PS3). The beverage ones are the most common and offer drinks that are chilled or warmed (red colour for warm and blue for cold). Some are pretty advanced with touch screens and cameras that will analyse you while you’re approaching the machine and suggest you some drinks based on the data they have. Vending machines are available at airports, train stations, streets, in hotels and ryokans as well as mountain summits and in parks.

10. Opening Hours

Shops and cafes open their doors quite late throughout Japan. 10am – 11am is too late in my opinion for that very much needed morning cup of coffee. When we travel, we’re usually up early and find it inconvenient that so many places start their day late. But that’s when konbinis come in handy.

11. Don’t be loud

If you travel by train, metro or bus, remember to keep your conversations to a minimum and don’t answer your phone unless it’s an emergency. Commuting is often the time to catch up on sleep or read a book, nothing worse than loud tourists disturbing people’s routines.

12. Get an IC card

To make your travels around cities easier, purchase a Suica or other IC card. It saves you time – you don’t have to stand next to a machine and think which ticket you need. Instead, you only have to top it up and then tap to enter and tap to exit. Very convenient.

You can pre-order your IC card. For Narita Airport, Haneda Airport, Shinjuku, Harajuku or Osaka Airport pick up pre-order Suica here. For Osaka Airport or Osaka City Air Terminal pick up pre-order ICOCA here.

13. Free tissues on the street

Don’t ignore people standing on the street thinking they want to give you a flyer. There is 99% chance they give you a pack of tissues. Yes, there is a printed ad on them but still, these are free tissues and you may need them when you get a runny nose eating a big bowl of hot ramen.

14. When in doubt, ask for help

Locals are extremely helpful and nice but you need to approach them the right way. Speaking from experience, I would recommend saying hi and getting straight to your question – this will give you a much greater chance they will help. If you ask do you speak English? they may panic and run away. When we need help in Japan, we usually get much more than we ask for – people printed maps for us, bought tickets and shared umbrellas.

15. Is it safe?

Very much so. People leave their wallets or phones to reserve their tables while they order coffee. They sleep soundly in the trains with open bags on their laps. Or go for a smoke in the train leaving their laptops, bags and other belongings on their seats. It’s also very safe to walk around at night. We had zero issues on all our trips.

16. It’s easy to get around

Public transport is very efficient and like I mentioned before – it’s always on time. If you don’t feel comfortable using a map, get a SIM card and use Google Maps. It works great in Japan showing not only which train you need to catch but also (in most cases) the right platform number and cost of the fare.

17. Pre-order your SIM or WiFi router

Consider ordering a SIM card or a WiFi router before arrival, with delivery to your hotel or airport pick-up. We always use data only SIM cards. Tried So-net, as well as b-mobile and both, worked well. Why do we recommend pre-order? It’s quite common to hear “sorry, sold out” when you want to buy something in Japan. This way, you can be sure you’ll get exactly what you want.

You can pre-order a WiFi router here and a SIM card here.

18. English menus?

Not every restaurant will have menus in English or plastic dishes display where you could simply point to what you think is the dish you want. This happened to us not only in some small towns but in Tokyo, including Tokyo Station. If you can read kana and some kanji, you shouldn’t have a problem (I know only basics and was able to read, understand and order correctly). The staff may be able to translate, but most likely they will warn you “no English”.

19. ATMs

I read on many websites that it’s hard to find ATMs and I don’t agree with that at all. Most big cities will have international banks like CitiBank where your cards will work. You can also use the ATMs in 7-Eleven shops which are widely available.

20. Bring slip on shoes

There are many places, including restaurants and hotels, where you will have to take off your shoes. It’s convenient if you can do it faster. Side note: slippers or special socks are often provided, but it’s good to have your own socks that have no holes just in case.

21. Learn at least 3 words

This rule is not exclusive to Japan. Local people always appreciate if you can say at least 3 words in their language. There are countless videos on YouTube you can learn from. Thank you, excuse me/I’m sorry and good morning are a good start. We also had two beers please in our repertoire when we went there for the first time.

22. Souvenirs

There are many places where you can buy souvenirs. I personally find 100 yen stores (like Daiso) & Don Quijote the best for this kind of shopping. You can find there pretty much everything from quirky Japanese products, through food and kitchen wares to clothes and electronics.

23. Smoking

I really like how most big cities, especially Tokyo, have banned smoking on the streets. It means you’re not constantly in a stinky cloud of cigarette smoke and can enjoy walking. There are special areas, mostly fenced in some way, where smoking is allowed. On the other hand, it’s unfortunately quite common for people to be allowed to smoke in restaurants. If you’re a smoker, you can easily find smoking areas on streets, near train stations or in trains and can easily buy cigarettes in vending machines.

24. Plan in advance

If nice hotels to stay at are important to you, book your accommodation early. There seems to be not enough hotels in Japan and good ones are booked out many months in advance. Especially in Tokyo, they go really quickly!

If you’re feeling lost with all the accommodation options in Japan have a look at the guide I created to make your life easier.

25. Don’t be afraid to get naked!

I was very self-conscious and scared of going to a public onsen while at the same time, I really wanted to experience it! It took me 4 trips to Japan, until finally, during the 4th one I manned up and went to my first real onsen. And do you know what? No one cared. Old ladies were chatting in the bath, someone else was showering and not a single person looked at me. It took me no longer than 5 minutes to completely relax and enjoy myself. It was great and I can’t wait to do it again.

Bonus 26: Prepare yourself to fall in love!

Nothing compares to Japan. Leaving after our first trip, I couldn’t hold my tears. We were back 6 months later. And we keep coming back because we can’t get enough. Be ready to feel this way, most people do.

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Read more useful tips about travelling in Japan:

How much does it cost to travel in Japan?

A guide to accommodation options in Japan

It’s not just sushi – the beauty of Japanese cuisine

Travelling in Japan: how to buy Suica IC card

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  • Reply
    January 31, 2017 at 11:20 pm

    Woah, legitimate good tips here! No bins in sight, awesome….would make SEA even filthier though I think? Yay for Japan.

    Would be stoked as to get free tissues, better than shoving the finger up the nose :p I’ll be pooing my self before doing no.25 as well. Ideally on the toilet. Not in the onsen.

  • Reply
    February 4, 2017 at 12:42 pm

    These really are great tips. I wished every time that I had my own mini trash bin….Also, really true about the tissues!

  • Reply
    February 4, 2017 at 12:49 pm

    This is such a comprehensive list hun! Well done – its a great help will share with my tribe! I’ve never been to Japan but you’re making me want to visit so badly!!

  • Reply
    Kristine Li
    February 4, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Great post! Like you, it took me 4 times to finally muster the courage for onsens in Japan! Never looking back, now I crave for more onsen opportunities!

  • Reply
    Helen Rapp
    February 4, 2017 at 5:50 pm

    Excellent tips! I want to go to Japan so badly!

  • Reply
    Jm de la Rama
    February 4, 2017 at 9:06 pm

    Love your tips! Thank you. 🙂

  • Reply
    Megan | Red Around The World
    February 5, 2017 at 4:14 am

    I love these! I was thinking so many of these when I saw the title. I went last year and loved it!

  • Reply
    February 5, 2017 at 10:08 pm

    Hi Aga!

    Thanks a lot for the tips, I plan to go to Japan next year! The vending machine phenomena is so funny 😀 And didn’t know about the tissues 😀

    PS. Keep smiling in your photo 🙂 xx


  • Reply
    February 6, 2017 at 1:44 am

    What great tips! I’m definitely bookmarking this for later! Japan has been on our travel wishlist for ages! Thanks for sharing your insightful tips!

  • Reply
    April 9, 2017 at 7:03 am

    Thanks for great tips, going in six weeks. Can’t wait! Worried about the onsen as have had double mastectomy – what do you reckon?

  • Reply
    May 18, 2017 at 3:45 pm

    This was awesome…thank you. We leave for japan on sunday …first time ever. Super excited now. Thank you! Joanna

  • Reply
    June 1, 2017 at 10:56 am

    I would like to add also that tourists with tattoos have to be considerate as almost ALL establishments in Japan are not comfy with visible or showing tattoos. There are establishments that prohibit tattoos so visitng tourists should be mindful of covering tattoos with long sleeve tops or medical plasters. Just a thought. 🙂

  • Reply
    October 19, 2017 at 6:12 am

    Thank you so much for these tips. So helpful.

  • Reply
    October 27, 2017 at 1:32 am

    Helpful guide. Thanks

  • Reply
    January 6, 2018 at 11:08 am

    If you don’t mind my asking, about how much has each trip run you? A friend and I are wanting to plan a trip to Japan really soon and aren’t sure of a reasonable price range expectation.

  • Reply
    April 19, 2018 at 4:02 am

    Thanks for sharing! Heading there tomorrow, and looking forward to it

  • Reply
    August 13, 2018 at 8:29 am

    I have heard it is against Japanese custom to eat while walking in public. Hence the lack of bins on the street.

  • Reply
    September 1, 2018 at 5:36 am

    At first I never thought of Japan as a destination until a friend had asked me to go and Jetstar had free return tickets. We only did 5 days in Tokyo and I loved it! Planning another trip in March but I’m taking my son and husband this time. Their first time there so we will have to do typical tourist stuff disneyland etc.
    How far in advance would you recommend to book hotels?

    • Reply
      Aga Kozmic
      September 4, 2018 at 7:45 pm

      As soon as possible, simply because you’ll have a bigger choice. You can always book hotels with “free cancellation” if you change your mind regarding the neighbourhood/date/amenities.

  • Reply
    November 10, 2018 at 11:21 pm

    These tips are perfect for someone who has never visited Japan….thanks for sharing your trip knowledge!

  • Reply
    January 24, 2019 at 10:54 pm

    Great article and great tips! Thank you! We’re heading to Japan in April. I can’t wait!

  • Reply
    January 27, 2019 at 11:53 am

    Wonderful tips. Thank you so much!

  • Reply
    February 4, 2019 at 1:03 am

    Awesome tips! We went there Nov 2018 and can’t wait to go back. We wish we could live there for sure

  • Reply
    February 11, 2019 at 11:40 pm

    Fabulous read but you didnt say where to pre order Suica Card from.please . We are going November for Maple Season and hiring a car to drive from Osaka to Nachi Falls then up to Takayama. Wish me luck..nervous.

    • Reply
      Aga Kozmic
      February 12, 2019 at 2:42 pm

      Thank you Liz. I just added that info to the post. Hope that helps. Enjoy your trip, it sounds exciting!

  • Reply
    February 25, 2019 at 10:28 am

    So glad to have stumbled on your post. Great read doubt if husband will ever let me naked unless a private onsen. Im up for any culture differences. I am going twice this year..cant wait.Just know tho that my huge scrapbook full of places to see n do things will barely get done 🙁 Another trip maybe. Ideally would live to house sit there..cheers from Tasmania

  • Reply
    April 3, 2022 at 9:30 pm

    I am impressed with how thorough your blog is. I have been considering Japan for awhile now rather intimidated by the potential costs and your blog helped me feel more comfortable in planning. Thank you! I’m a world traveler too and maybe someday our paths will cross!

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